A Young Folks' History of the Church
were a thousand miles from any other people, with mountains and deserts between them.
They could not get food from other places. They would have to raise it or to starve.
When they had about given up hope, there came great flocks of white birds from the lake.
They settled on the fields and began eating the crickets. They would eat all they were
able, then vomit, and eat again. This they did day after day until the crickets were
destroyed and part of the crop was saved.
That fall President Young with the main body of Saints arrived from the East. There were
now about five thousand people in the valley, and prospects were not very encouraging,
owing to the small crop raised. Food was scarce, as also was clothing. Many people lived
for weeks on "greens" and the roots of the sego and thistle. A kind of soup was made by
cooking raw-hides. Yet in the midst of these times Heber C. Kimball declared in a public
meeting that it would not be three years before "states goods" would be sold in Salt Lake
cheaper than in St. Louis. No one at that time could see how it could be possible, but the
prophecy was fulfilled within a year, and it was in this way: That winter gold was
discovered in California, and early the next summer great companies of men came
flocking from the east on their way to the gold mines. Salt Lake City was a sort of half
way house. These gold seekers were heavily laden with all manner of goods, but being
anxious to get to California as soon as possible they traded to the people in Salt Lake City
their goods for lighter wagons, fresh horses, etc. Thus a great deal of merchandise was
brought to the valley, and Brother Kimball's prophecy was fulfilled.
The city had now been laid out into blocks, and lots were given to the settlers. Some built
houses and moved in that fall, but most of the people remained in the fort until the spring
The city now began to grow rapidly, as companies of Saints were continually coming
from the east. In February, 1849, the city was divided into nineteen wards and a bishop
appointed over each. On the 12th of the same month the four vacancies in the quorum of
the Twelve Apostles were filled by the calling of Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, Erastus
Snow, and Franklin D. Richards to the apostleship.
Thus the Church was firmly established again, this time in the peaceful valleys of the
mountains, away from the persecution of its enemies and the anger of mobs.
Topics.—1. Locating the temple and city. 2. The fort. 3. The crickets and gulls. 4. Hard
times. 5. Heber C. Kimball's prophecy.
Questions and Review.—1. How did President Young locate the temple spot? 2. How
was the city laid out? 3. What was the first building in the valley? 4. Describe a bowery.
5. What was the fort? 6. Describe it. 7. Who was the first stake president in Utah? 8.
What happened in the spring of 1848? 9. How were the crops saved? 10. Why was food
so scarce in 1848? 11. What kinds of food were eaten? 12. What was Heber C. Kimball's
prophecy? 13. How was it fulfilled? 14. How was the city built up? 15. What apostles
were chosen February 12, 1849?