Not a member?     Existing members login below:
Holidays Offer
 

A Treatise of Human Nature

him. The removal of either of these destroys the passion; which evidently proves that the
cause Is a compounded one.
Twould be tedious to trace the passions of love and hatred, through all the observations
which we have formed concerning pride and humility, and which are equally applicable
to both sets of passions. Twill be sufficient to remark in general, that the object of love
and hatred is evidently some thinking person; and that the sensation of the former passion
is always agreeable, and of the latter uneasy. We may also suppose with some shew of
probability, THAT THE CAUSE OF BOTH THESE PASSIONS IS ALWAYS
RELATED TO A THINKING BEING, AND THAT THE CAUSE OF THE FORMER
PRODUCE A SEPARATE PLEASURE, AND OF THE LATTER A SEPARATE
UNEASINESS.
One of these suppositions, viz, that the cause of love and hatred must be related to a
person or thinking being, in order to produce these passions, is not only probable, but too
evident to be contested. Virtue and vice, when considered in the abstract; beauty and
deformity, when placed on inanimate objects; poverty and riches when belonging to a
third person, excite no degree of love or hatred, esteem or contempt towards those, who
have no relation to them. A person looking out at a window, sees me in the street, and
beyond me a beautiful palace, with which I have no concern: I believe none will pretend,
that this person will pay me the same respect, as if I were owner of the palace.
It is not so evident at first sight, that a relation of impressions is requisite to these
passions, and that because in the transition the one impression is so much confounded
with the other, that they become in a manner undistinguishable. But as in pride and
humility, we have easily been able to make the separation, and to prove, that every cause
of these passions, produces a separate pain or pleasure, I might here observe the same
method with the same success, in examining particularly the several causes of love and
hatred. But as I hasten a full and decisive proof of these systems, I delay this examination
for a moment: And in the mean time shall endeavour to convert to my present purpose all
my reaaonings concerning pride and humility, by an argument that isfounded on
unquestionable ex
There are few persons, that are satisfyed with their own character, or genius, or fortune,
who are nor desirous of shewing themselves to the world, and of acquiring the love and
approbation of mankind. Now it is evident, that the very same qualities and
circumstances, which are the causes of pride or self-esteem, are also the causes of vanity
or the desire of reputation; and that we always put to view those particulars with which in
ourselves we are best satisfyed. But if love and esteem were not produced by the same
qualities as pride, according as these qualities are related to ourselves or others, this
method of proceeding would be very absurd, nor coued men expect a correspondence in
the sentiments of every other person, with those themselves have entertained. It is true,
few can form exact systems of the passions, or make reflections on their general nature
and resemblances. But without such a progress in philosophy, we are not subject to many
mistakes in this particular, but are sufficiently guided by common experience, as well as
by a kind of presentation; which tells us what will operate on others, by what we feel
Remove