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A Survey of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States


growth. We look at the leaves, the flowers, and the fruit.
"Movement" and "Progress" are not synonymous terms. In
evolution there is degeneration as well as regeneration. Only the
work that has been in accord with the highest ideals of woman's
nature is fitted to the environment of its advance, and thus to
survival and development. In order to learn whether Woman
Suffrage is in the line of advance, we must know whether the
movement to obtain it has thus far blended itself with those that
have proved to be for woman's progress and for the progress of
government.
I am sure I need not emphasize the fact that, in studying some of
the principles that underlie the Suffrage movement, I am not
impugning the motives of the leaders. Nor need I dwell upon the
fact that it is from the good comradeship of men and women that
has come to prevail under our free conditions, that some women
have hastily espoused a cause with which they never have
affiliated, because they supposed it to be fighting against odds for
the freedom of their sex.
The past fifty years have wrought more change in the conditions of
life than could many a Cathayan cycle. The growth of religious
liberty, enlargement of foreign and home missions, the
Temperance movement, the giant war waged for principle, are
among the causes of this change. The settlement of the great West,
the opening of professions and trades to woman consequent upon
the loss of more than a half million of the nation's most stalwart
men, the mechanical inventions that have changed home and trade
conditions, the sudden advance of science, the expansion of mind
and of work that are fostered by the play of a free government,—
all these have tended to place man and woman, but especially
woman, where something like a new heaven and a new earth are in
the distant vision.
To this change the Suffragists call attention, and say, "This is, in
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