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A Study of Culture, Belief, and Social Structure

structures of culture, the development of Islamic political theory, the understanding of Anti-Americanism as a
social phenomena, the problem of analysing and solving poverty in the entire world, the issue of terrorism and
several essays on aspects of economic theory; the core mechanism of the housing market, the aggregate
production function and the debate on the source of economic growth, perfect competition. The wide variety of
subject matter shows that this approach has the ability to make more ideas concerning many important issues.
From these frameworks we hope will grow research in social science from which we can be nearer to Truth and
more helpful to the world which not only funds us but to which we owe a duty of care. Knowledge is about
releasing the potential of humans.
ii) Idea Maps introduction
A key development and distinction in our analysis is the introduction and application of the ‘idea map’. This
requires further elucidation and the foundations of it must be made clear. Many things in society involve
relationships, linkages, connections. As such any analytical tool must embody this. Relational analysis is a key
part of Marxist theory in the social sciences. While critical theorists such as Adorno and poststructuralists, such
as Barthes, acknowledged culture and developed narratives of this, we feel that a systematic technique is
necessary for further development of the understanding of culture, particularly in modern post-industrial societies
or indeed for any complex society that is the product of many different social forces. As an aside, this is a key
tool in understanding multicultural societies, though the technique of ‘idea maps’ is not strictly restricted to ethnic
groupings. Academic movements, debates, even individual essays can be brought into the rubric of idea maps.
By creating an idea map we communicate complex social phenomena into a visual language, as Gaugin would
have put it, directly accessible to the brain which then produces different information from the idea map that may
shed light on issues that were previously opaque and intractable. If one puts a real life problem into
mathematics, then one can reason using mathematical logic to create different information to the original
observations. What we must make clear is that mathematics is not always suitable for understanding society since
it has not developed the key complexity tools for analysing the social world. In addition mistakes made by
economists in their abuse of mathematical reason can be understood as being similar to having an equation x=y+1
and then putting ones data on x and y into it in the incorrect variables to find the answer. Furthermore economists
have also made the problem of arguing that the economy is, say, x=y+1, when in fact it is not possible as yet to
put it into equations that have much in the way or meaning.
The foundation, the goal of idea maps is information compression. Just as a teacher will compress her judgement
on the merit of a student’s essay into a percentage number which relates to a class of a degree in order that the
pupil will be able to adjust and improve their arguments, so idea maps are compression of information from some
aspect of society that is based in ideas or can be represented as ideas. We use the unit of analysis as the idea,
though this does not restrict the subdivision of ideas, loosely so that it can deal with complicated themes just as
easily as individual arguments. The idea map can thus show the macro-picture (as would a lab microscope show
a cell) or one can increase the level of detail to show a micro-picture (as an electron microscope would show
much smaller surfaces of a biological sample). One can look at an idea map as similar in many ways to set
theory, in the sense that it is essentially saying, what are the set of ideas that relate to a particular class of object
of analysis. The new development in the framework is to draw links between one object and another relating to
the sets of ideas that are contained within each object’s ‘idea set’.
An example of an idea map is the project of interdisciplinary social science. This is a grand project to bring
together all social sciences away from division and produce multilayered narratives, theories and models to
produce complete solutions and arguments drawn from all parts of social theory, sociology, economics, political
theory, anthropology, human geography, history, etc. Consider part of the idea map produced by the project of
interdisciplinary social science, that of methodological assumptions:
Sociology (homogeneity) – Anthropology (heterogeneity)
A part of the idea map of interdisciplinary social science